Articles from Reef News

  1. Aragocrete: DIY Live Rock

    Live rock is often harvested from the ocean, which leaves a void in the once full reef. A few pounds is not going to effect the ecosystem, but when a few thousand people set up a few thousand gallons worth of water it starts to add up. That can easily be a few hundred thousand pounds of rock in no time at all! Unlike animals, there is no chance in the world that a rock will have babies. There is no way for the rock to quickly replenish itself in the reefs since they are mostly composed of...
  2. Reverse Osmosis And Deionization RO/DI

    Reverse Osmosis and Deionization is a standard in water purification for use in reef keeping. It allows for 100% H, 2, and O. There are tap water conditioners out there, but adding chemicals may not be for you. When you use RO/DI water you minimize the risk of nuisance algae or diatoms. You may have seen sinks with a skinny faucet off to the side. This is actually an RO faucet most of the time, however the kind we use for reef tanks and the ones designed for drinking have one major...
  3. AQUARIUM CONTROLLERS

    The art of stability is an amazing ability developed as you become smarter and learn the signs of change. As we get more in tune with our tanks, technology is being developed every day to allow us to take a more hands off approach. Normally when we have to make a change in the tank we would have to get out the old maintenance tools like measuring spoons and what not. This is a thing of the past now. Complete control over each aspect of our aquariums can be had nearly anywhere in the world...
  4. FILTRATION METHODS

    When a fish, snail, crab, copepod, shrimp, or coral eats what happens? They poop! When poop is submersed in water it dissolves and becomes detritus, or waste powder. Detritus causes ugly rocks, sand, and feeds bacteria and algae. We do not want this. We want crystal clear water, bright purple rocks, and sand that is so white it blinds the neighbors across the road. So let's talk about filtration...
  5. NPS Not NPR! The Beauty Of Non-Photosynthetic Corals

    Believe it or not, there is a group of corals that does not use Photosynthesis as its main means of energy production, but these corals care requirements should not be left in the dark. Some of these corals can require more food than your cat! Some hobbyists have designed systems with oversized filtration and automated feeders that constantly blast their corals with food. Automated water changes of large quantities are also a common design, for these corals demand pristine water and the...
  6. Got Zoas: GENERAL ZOANTHID CARE

    Zoanthids are one of the most diverse species of coral we see. They come in an infinite array of colors and color morphs. They are mostly compatible with each other, allowing multiple colors in one colony, sometimes even creating new colors. The zoanthid family is very broad and is found in every reef in the sea, so growth rates, lighting, and flow will be a game of trial and error. Luckily, most of the assorted Zoas we find are grown and propagated under similar lighting than what we use so...
  7. The Emperor’s Shrimp (Periclimenes Imperator)

    One of the coolest thing about this hobby is its diversity in tank inhabitants. This is sadly its biggest problem as well. Due the the immense diversity, we have so many animals to choose from that we cannot know every fact about them all, which leads to purchasing something that may either kill everything or be killed. A great example of this is the Emperor’s Shrimp. These are very particular animals and have very specific living requirement.
  8. Aquarium Lighting

    One of the hardest concepts to grasp is Lighting. It is also one of the most controversial topics brought up when talking to owners of pet stores and even veteran reefers. Try telling someone with 10 year old corals raised by fluorescent lighting that they need to upgrade to LED and they will say otherwise. This is not wrong if they are successful with their corals but why not upgrade when there are so many benefits? Sometimes it is just because they have not learned much about them.

    Types...
  9. Ultimate Filtration (Algae Turf Scrubbers)

    Have you been having algae problems in your display tank? Do you feed your fish as much as you would eat? Are you sick and tired of struggling to keep your sand clean? Do you want me to stop asking you questions because the answer is “Yes?” The problems you are experiencing are centered around the import/export of nutrients, and at least one great solution to exporting nutrients lies within the mangled screen of what has been called the Algae Turf Scrubber...
  10. What Is A Protein Skimmer And How Does It Work?

    When you go to the beach and “sea” foam, pun intended, you will also smell a very familiar odor. The ocean is a gigantic system of natural filtration and chemical dosing. Today we will focus on the filtration factor. Protein Skimming!

    First off, what on Earth is protein skimming and why do we need to utilize these devices? A protein skimmer uses nothing but air bubbles and water to extract Dissolved Organic Compounds, or DOCs, not to be confused with Department of Corrections. The protein...
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