Aquarium Equipment

  1. (Almost) Everything You Always Wanted to Know About Glass But Were Afraid to Ask

    A discussion of many aspects of glass, in general, from ancient times to the present, including a section on aquarium glass.
  2. A step back, a step forward: Kalkwasser dosing

    In this regard, the old way may not only be safer but also more efficient. This involves the use of a kalkwasser stirrer. These are a simple reactor with a water inlet at the bottom and a water outlet at the top. Running vertically through the reactor is a shaft connected to a stirrer. The stirrer can be as simple as horizontal PVC piping or as complex as a series of fins that slowly spin. The shaft and stirrer are connected to an external motor, that spins them either constantly or at...
  3. AC and DC pumps.... not as different as you may think.

    Reef aquarium caretakers tend to obsess over flow. We use pumps to pull water through our sumps. We put in powerheads and wavemakers all in an effort to push water around. We use pumps with aerators to run skimmers. Even though we have many different applications almost all our aquarium motors work the same way. If you don't know how your motor works, I want to help with that...
  4. AQUARIUM CONTROLLERS

    The art of stability is an amazing ability developed as you become smarter and learn the signs of change. As we get more in tune with our tanks, technology is being developed every day to allow us to take a more hands off approach. Normally when we have to make a change in the tank we would have to get out the old maintenance tools like measuring spoons and what not. This is a thing of the past now. Complete control over each aspect of our aquariums can be had nearly anywhere in the world...
  5. Aquarium Lighting

    One of the hardest concepts to grasp is Lighting. It is also one of the most controversial topics brought up when talking to owners of pet stores and even veteran reefers. Try telling someone with 10 year old corals raised by fluorescent lighting that they need to upgrade to LED and they will say otherwise. This is not wrong if they are successful with their corals but why not upgrade when there are so many benefits? Sometimes it is just because they have not learned much about them. Types...
  6. Are LEDs a suitable primary light source?

    However, determining if LEDs alone are viable sources of light, requires a better assessment. It’s certainly true that using multiple fixtures creates acceptable PAR readings throughout even a large reef aquarium. However, it’s tough to get totally accurate PAR readings from every nook and cranny within the tank.
  7. Automatic Water Change #1

    Following our recent articles on changing water, here's one aquarist's method of doing automatic water changes.
  8. Calcium Reactors and Related Equipment Part 1

    What is a calcium reactor? What are the advantages & disadvantages of a calcium reactor? What do you need to setup a calcium reactor? This is Part 1 of a 3-part video series dedicated to calcium reactors. Our goal at CoralVue is to help reefers like you maintain successful reef tanks by providing you with the key information that will make using a calcium reactor easy to understand and use.
  9. Equipment : Choosing Your Display Aquarium

    Tenji is pleased to present a series of exclusive articles for Reef2Reef members. We will be delving into the various aspects of reef keeping, focusing on tried and true methods that can be implemented by aquarists of all levels. _____________ Choosing your display aquarium is the most important equipment decision you will make. If the display fails, everything else is all for naught. The two basic material choices we have for aquariums under 500-gallons are glass or acrylic. Tenji...
  10. Equipment: Aquarium Tops Are a Necessity

    As a young aquarist working in a local fish store I had a 16” lionfish launch itself out of a tank during feeding time. I quickly placed the fish back into his home, and after a couple hours, the animal returned to normal behavior. However, that event changed my views on the potential for fishes to jump forever. How often do we see threads titled, “Which fish for open top aquariums?” The truth is that every fish has the potential to jump, even the frumpy frogfish. Think of a top as a seat...
  11. Equipment: Choosing Your Protein Skimmer

    After we have chosen our display aquarium and sump, it’s time to start planning the life support system (LSS). Protein skimmers are the digestive tract of our LSS. They remove waste, excess food and other organic compounds prior to breaking down into algae fuel. The pump is the heart of your protein skimmer. A quality handcrafted acrylic reaction chamber fitted with an el cheapo pump won’t get you far. Go the extra mile when it comes to budgeting for your skimmer to avoid premature failure...
  12. Equipment: Choosing Your Sump

    Once you have chosen your display aquarium and paired it with an appropriate top, the next step is to pick out your sump. Sumps offer a space to hide equipment, and generally speaking, make keeping a reef tank significantly easier than trying to hang everything off the side of your aquarium. Oftentimes you can even perform your water changes exclusively from your sump (still have to maintain substrate – more on that in a future installment) which will help prevent stressing out your animals...
  13. FILTRATION METHODS

    When a fish, snail, crab, copepod, shrimp, or coral eats what happens? They poop! When poop is submersed in water it dissolves and becomes detritus, or waste powder. Detritus causes ugly rocks, sand, and feeds bacteria and algae. We do not want this. We want crystal clear water, bright purple rocks, and sand that is so white it blinds the neighbors across the road. So let's talk about filtration...
  14. FishKam Aquarium Remote Monitoring Camera Review and UnBoxing

    Aquarium remote video monitoring has seen a resurgence with the release of the newest underwater camera, but the high cost has many people looking elsewhere. This included me, and this is what I decided to give a try!
  15. How2Scrape: Glass And Acrylic Cleaning 101

    We all get those days when our snails take too many breaks and our glass gets a nasty film blocking our view from our beautiful tanks. Some have diatoms, others just have excess coralline algae. Whatever is on your glass should not be there, so here are some tips for cleaning off your viewing hole.
  16. Is AquaForest the next evolution of zeolite use?

    For any zeovit user looking into AquaForest, I can confidently say that AquaForest’s zeolite inclusive methodology is not zeovit. I don’t mean that in a negative way, but simply to point out that other than relying on a similar mineral and bacteria, the two are very different. Zeovit is a very hands-on approach to reef keeping that requires daily maintenance of the filtration media and consistent dosing. AquaForest’s method also requires dosing and maintenance, but has been simplified to...
  17. Lessons from the Eco Aqualizer

    The story of this product is filled with frivolous lawsuits, strange promises and advertising in some of the largest fish-keeping publications at the time. From the late nineties up until 2006, the Eco Aqualizer made its rounds throughout the world of both marine and freshwater aquaria. Hundreds of reef keepers fell under the Aqualizer’s spell; the promise of complete water filtration in one small, cylindrical device that was easy to install and even easier to conceal.
  18. Lubricate Your Refractometer

    Did you know an unlubricated refractometer will produce funny numbers? Your refractometer has a hinged cover that goes over the angled plate of the refractometer. What happens over time is the hinges stiffen up from salt deposits, causing this cover to not sit all the way down on the angled plate. You can not see this by your own eye, but believe me, it's not fully resting on the angled plate. When this occurs, the numbers you see are no longer true. Actually this typically occurs...
  19. MOTION OF THE OCEAN: The Motion Of Your Aquarium

    We all want waves! They look great on the beach, and they look awesome in our tanks. Some of the waves people produce in aquariums are outstandingly realistic and benefit their corals ten times more than the linear flow that most affordable companies allow us to achieve. So how do we get more motion in our ocean?
  20. Not All Thermometers Are Created Equal

    Consistent and accurate water temperature is important for the well-being of our livestock - whether it be fish, corals, inverts or bacteria. Do you really know what temperature your water is? Are you trusting your brand new temperature probe, or a cheap thermometer you picked up at the store? How do you know which is accurate?
  21. Pipe Dreams: The In’s & Out’s Of Aquarium Plumbing

    You have a lot of options now-a-days when it comes to plumbing an aquarium and that can make the task a bit overwhelming. There are quite a few different solvents, glues, primers, fittings, piping, and sealants all with their own particular purpose. To complicate that a little more each one has its advantages and disadvantages for applications in our aquarium builds. In this article, we will attempt cover some of the different types of plumbing needs you will face, as well as the tips and...
  22. Power Generation and Storage

    Power generation and storage for the reef aquarist in the face of power outages. How to choose your needed equipment.
  23. Power Quality and Surge Protection

    An article explaining in detail the facts and myths of power quality and surge protection and how to protect your home and your aquarium.
  24. Featured

    Reefer to 3D Maker and Back Again

    The impact of 3D printing on the reefing hobby and the saltwater aquarium industry at large, brought to you by Vivid Creative Aquatics.
  25. Refractometers Or Hydrometers: Why The Latter Should Contain A Warning

    By: Justin Leoni of Reef Savers Aquatic Services Introduction Having been around saltwater aquariums for most of my now almost forty years, I’ve seen many gizmos and gadgets. I’ve seen a hobby that one was only for the most advanced aquarist become affordable and available to the masses because of the continued success of both professional marine biologist and the joint effort that the hobby community has put forth to educate. In this article I want to open your eyes if you currently use a...
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