General Saltwater Aquarium

  1. Lets Talk Substrates for the Marine Aquarium

    Bare-bottom (BB)? Calcium Carbonate (CC) Gravel? Crushed Shell? Sand? Deep vs. Shallow? With all the choices that are out there, no wonder new hobbyists are often confused about which substrate to use for their marine aquarium. In this thread, I shall attempt to address pros and cons of each of the available substrates. Please remember however, that the choice of substrate must be balanced with two things; Aesthetic value to the viewer and biological value to the livestock. Some fish and...
  2. LFS: “Local Fish Shop” Or “Lying For Sales?!” Is Your Store Legit?

    What is the most common reason for giving up the salt water hobby? When you search through the endless listings of reef tanks for sale on Craigslist, the majority of tanks are not exactly top of the line. Someone will label “Full Blown Reef” on a tank that is nothing more than a fraction of what the educated reefer would even consider putting animals in. The lighting is outdated, they are usually not drilled, the ones with sumps have old overflow boxes filled with algae, and the fish have...
  3. Featured

    Life on the Reef: True Stories From Reef Aquarists That Will Make You Laugh or Cry

    Some funny and some hair-raising stories from some of our forum members about memorable experiences with their tanks.
  4. Lighting spectra, Photosynthesis, and You

    Hello all. Some of you may recognize me from Nano-reef and my posts about LEDs, DIY recommendations, etc. Figured I'd post this up over here, as well. Putting it in general hardware and lighting because it applies to more than just LEDs. :) With full-spectrum LED arrays becoming all the rage nowadays for better coloration, more and more people are considering them, but I see people saying all the time "dude, but corals only use blue light for all their energy and red only helps algae grow,...
  5. Living the Dream: How to Get a Job in Aquaculture

    Learn all about working in aquaculture, how to find these jobs, where to look, and what qualifications you need.
  6. MOVING WITHOUT LOSING: Relocating Your Aquarium

    We are a very mobile race of beings. We have access to every square inch of the planet and even the moon. Staying in one place for your whole life just is not an option to some. Jobs call for relocation. Families grow and need space to grow. Sometimes we cut in line at the zoo, only to be put on witness protection after we find out it was a mob bosses nephew. Either way, we have to go. So how do you take your reef with you?
  7. My New Tank: By Mike Paletta

    As I wrote in my last article for ReefBuilders last December, I am planning on setting up one last tank for myself. Over the years I have set up a fair number of tanks for myself as well as assisted on over 100 more for others. As a result, I am confident that with this new tank I can achieve the many goals I want, which is more than just growing healthy colorful corals. First, unlike all of my current tanks, this tank will not be an experiment, in that for the most part tried and true...
  8. New film to expose aquarium fisheries' dark side

    Snorkel Bob has ridden the anti-aquarium wave for quite some time, blaming the aquarium industry for much of what ails Hawaiian reefs, whether or not the evidence supported those conclusions. He has backed and aided in writing numerous bills to shut-down or severely limit Hawaii’s live fish collection protocol. As of yet, none have been overly successful and many of Witner’s theories have been debunked by marine biologists and researchers. I’m not surprised he’s decided to switch formats and...
  9. Newly discovered marine fish species to be named after President Obama

    The process of declaring a new fish species isn’t as simple as the outlook of one, or even a team of marine biologists. It will take time, DNA tests and a close inspection of the fish’s physical details and physiology before a formal scientific name is applied. Considering the fish is of the genus Tosanoides (a species previously thought to only occur around Japan) it’s likely the final name will be Tosanoides obama or some variant of that.
  10. Of mud, mangroves, and niches: Mission 2018

    I’ve certainly spent enough time talking abstract philosophy of late, right? While I’m pleased with the level of discussion, I think it’s time to talk about ways to run a more biologically diverse reef system in 2018. With all of the cool gear around, to me it’s actually more beneficial to talk about the way I’d want to set up the system- it’s “theme” and philosophy (ahrggh, there’s that word again!). So, my stated goal is to create a modest-sized aquarium that embraces natural processes...
  11. Offshore Drilling Rigs and Artificial Reefs

    A new study by researchers at University of California at Santa Barbara discusses the science and practical aspects of turning offshore drilling rigs into permanent artificial reefs. Reef2Reef looks at the issue.
  12. Old Tank Syndrome

    Is this a myth? Something we heard about in the deep abbesses of when the hobby started (I think it was on a Tuesday) Is this something we need to worry about. Like we don't have enough to worry about with the heartbreak of psoriasis and wondering if we will be accepted into the "Hair club for men".
  13. Past perfect? Future Fantastic!

    One of the coolest things about our hobby is the amazing progression over the years in both the state of the art and the technology that we embrace. Improvements that have enabled us to do things previously thought incredibly difficult or even impossible, unfold daily on social media. And the progression seems to be accelerating constantly. What an awesome time to be a fish geek!
  14. Planning and Transitioning to 500 Gallons

    Moving an entire tank of fish and corals from one tank to a larger tank has been one of the essential aspects of the hobby for as long as I can remember for many of us. Face it we all want bigger. Over the years I have done this transition a number of times, so you would think I would have it down to a science. While I did better than I have in the past, I still made some mistakes that I will point out that will hopefully reduce the likelihood of you from making them should you take on a...
  15. Plastic for the Reef Aquarium, Part 1

    This article is a companion article to the one written about glass several months ago--everything you always wanted to know about plastic and a few things you probably didn't want to know.
  16. Plastic for the Reef Aquarium, Part 2

    In this part we begin to examine plastics more closely and look at why interpreting research studies is so challenging. What plastics research applies to reef aquarists and what doesn't?
  17. Plastic for the Reef Aquarium, Part 3

    Part 3 and the conclusion of Plastic for the Reef Aquarium.
  18. Preparing Frozen Foods for My Fish and Corals

    I have been involved in a few discussions about how much and how to handle feeding frozen food to the tank, and how I prepare my weekly food for feeding. So here I've decided to lay out my process of frozen food preparation (which includes "slacking" for maintaining the food's freshness).
  19. Profile of a Marine Biologist: Dr. David Obura from Kenya

    Here is a short profile of a Kenyan marine biologist, Dr. David Obura.
  20. Profile of a Reef Aquarist (#2)

    In this profile, we talk to R.L, an aquarist with 15 years of experience. Read about his background, his interests and his husbandry practices.
  21. Profile of a Reef Aquarist (#3)

    Read up on one of our forum members, @ca1ore, who has had saltwater aquariums for over 30 years. He talks about his successes, failures, and philosophy of reefkeeping.
  22. Profile of a Reef Aquarist (#4)

    Most reef aquarists start out aiming for a mixed reef. They hope to have a few soft corals and then graduate to LPS and SPS corals. But not everyone thinks that way. Here's an aquarist with a totally different reef tank.
  23. Profile of a Reef Aquarist (#5)

    A forum member who has been a successful reefer for six years. Read about her journey from 30 gallons to 200 gallons.
  24. Profile of a Reef Aquarist (#6)

    Here we profile @dantimdad, a DIY'er extraordinaire with vast experience.
  25. Featured

    Profile of a Reef Aquarist (#7): A Pragmatic Approach to Reef Aquarium Uncertainty

    With a slow and steady hand, this reefer not only has several successful tanks up and running but he has also been president of his local aquatic club.
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