General Saltwater Aquarium

  1. Shellfish Poisoning Syndromes Part 1

    Read about the most common Shellfish Poisoning Syndromes, and how and why we get sick from eating shellfish.
  2. Siri Control of Apex (SCA) without HomeBridge

    How to use Siri to control Apex with the use of HomeBridge.
  3. Profile of a Reef Aquarist (#5)

    A forum member who has been a successful reefer for six years. Read about her journey from 30 gallons to 200 gallons.
  4. Featured

    Ammonia & Your Tank's Own Nitrogen Cycle

    Understanding the role of ammonia in your saltwater tank's nitrogen cycle.
  5. Book Review--The Marine Aquarium Handbook: Beginner to Breeder by Martin A. Moe, Jr.

    A book review of Martin A. Moe, Jr.'s landmark book, essential for the reefer's library.
  6. Featured

    What Equipment Do You Need to Start a Reef Aquarium?

    This article addresses the question that everyone new to the reef aquarium hobby asks: what equipment do I need to have a reef tank? It's a difficult question to answer, but we've given you some guidelines.
  7. Featured

    What's the Difference Between a Saltwater and a Freshwater Aquarium Aside From the Salt?

    For those who haven't taken the plunge yet, and who are wondering what the differences are between a saltwater and a freshwater tank, here's a short introduction.
  8. Color & Livestock: The Aquarium as Art

    (NOTE: This is a repost to “fix” the original thread.) The primary appeal of a reef tank is visual. We want to see a piece of the living ocean from the comfort of our favorite spot on the couch. For that reason it is beneficial to consider color in our aquaria. To start we can look at a simple RYB colorwheel. Reviewing the obvious, we have the primary colors, blue, yellow and red, with our secondary colors that are made by mixing the primaries, green, orange and purple. There are other...
  9. Following the Masters Part Two

    When I decided to write the first article looking at the tank parameters for people who I consider masters in the hobby I did so thinking that their tanks would be pretty similar and that their success was at least partially due to their following some common recipe. I chose them somewhat randomly with the only criteria being that their tanks were successful and had been so over time, that they were willing to share what they were doing and that I thought most hobbyists would admire their...
  10. Celebrating patience. Elevating the reef hobby.

    It’s kind of funny to me how the same sorts of topics and issues keep popping up in the hobby world. Now two years removed from the business end of the reef world, I can see with a bit more clarity some of the happenings and trends in the hobby. And, talking to aquarists of all types daily, I am seeing what I find s somewhat obvious “cultural issue” we have in the hobby. And I’ll come right out and state my “thesis” here: I think that we- as a hobby, are not doing a good enough job...
  11. Things I Miss About the Hobby

    Being with some of my long-time friends a bit ago, we started reminiscing about the early years of the hobby and some of the things that used to be common or major parts of the hobby and how many of them were gone. I am typically not someone who dwells on the past, but I must admit that I do miss some of the things that made the early days “fun”. Maybe I was just young and found simpler things more enjoyable or maybe it was because everything was simply new and exciting. Regardless of the...
  12. Reefing After Dark Part 2: Bioluminescence Observations & Research

    The sight of bioluminescent light in an aquarium can be compared to an evening of watching lightning from a passing thunderstorm. There is so much mystery and intrigue behind this living light we call bioluminescence that it continues to capture my attention. My first observations of bioluminescence last year compelled me to write an article on bioluminescence in the reef aquarium. When I wrote that article, my 1600-gallon aquarium system was just under three months old, yet the life that...
  13. My New Tank: By Mike Paletta

    As I wrote in my last article for ReefBuilders last December, I am planning on setting up one last tank for myself. Over the years I have set up a fair number of tanks for myself as well as assisted on over 100 more for others. As a result, I am confident that with this new tank I can achieve the many goals I want, which is more than just growing healthy colorful corals. First, unlike all of my current tanks, this tank will not be an experiment, in that for the most part tried and true...
  14. Deciphering Hobby Talk: Acronyms and Commonly Used Terms

    We've all been there - the daunting reply to a thread in which every other word is an acronym or a term that everyone else but you seems to understand. Here is an attempt to clear up and define some more of the commonly used terms in the hobby and on the forums. Ive searched through the forums and combined some of the older acronym lists that have been buried and included some of the more current terminology as well as chemical formulas, coral names, people, vendors and treatments that are...
  15. Planning and Transitioning to 500 Gallons

    Moving an entire tank of fish and corals from one tank to a larger tank has been one of the essential aspects of the hobby for as long as I can remember for many of us. Face it we all want bigger. Over the years I have done this transition a number of times, so you would think I would have it down to a science. While I did better than I have in the past, I still made some mistakes that I will point out that will hopefully reduce the likelihood of you from making them should you take on a...
  16. Flying with Coral - TSA Experience

    So you are in the security line at the airport with well over 4oz of water and some coral in your carry-on luggage.. You inform the first TSA agent you encounter and get raised eyebrows.
  17. Are you throwing away perfectly good DI Resin?

    So your DI resin hits the dreaded 1ppm reading.. For most reefers, this is likely something they see every 6 to 12 months. They then dig through their supply closet or garage for the bag of spare DI resin to empty and refill their cartridge or order a replacement from their favorite site. You folks can likely ignore this thread!!! For others, this activity is every month or two... So why do we throw away DI resin that is capturing all but 1ppm TDS?
  18. PSA ON THE LAMENTATION OF THE OCD LED'ER

    LED’s work, and they work well! This has been firmly established over the last few years. The once fiery debate over “do they” or “don't they” has been practically extinguished. It seems that one of the last true mysteries with LED success is simply “what do I need to do with them to get my coral to look good?”
  19. When disaster strikes, be ready ...

    I recommend having a back-up power solution that is reliable, maintained and easy to use. For this, I’ve yet to find anything that beats Generac’s generator line and transfer switch. With this system, your generator can be kept outside the house, either covered (Generac makes an exterior generator cover) or housed in a specially built enclosure. With the transfer switch an outlet is installed on the home’s exterior where the generator’s power line can be connected. In the event of a power...
  20. A Day in the Life of a Beachcomber

    Read about beachcombing on the west coast of Florida beside the Gulf of Mexico.
  21. The Other Way to Run a Reef Tank (no Quarantine)

    The other way to run a reef tank (No Quarantine) I was asked by my friend Humblefish to start a thread on my practices of running a tank with no quarantine, hospital tanks, medications, dipping or almost anything else. It is "not" just to take a fish from a store and drop it in your reef because that fish will probably die. You may not see many spots on fish in a store because just about all stores use medications in their tanks to suppress the parasites. They have to because they get new...
  22. Berghia Nudibranchs for the Dreaded Aiptasia Anemone

    First off, I don't consider myself an expert reefer. I'm just one person that's been in the hobby for many years and, I'm still learning. I also like to help others to be successful too. So, I want to write this piece to help others dealing with an Aiptasia outbreak to make a decision about using berghia nudibranchs as an option for them.
  23. Thinking about Reefapalooza and Orlando

    While sitting here in the gray of Pittsburgh, it has rained or snowed almost every day this Spring, I started thinking about my trip to Reefaplaooza in March and went back and looked at my notes. Yes, I take notes when I go to a show to remind me of what I saw that I found interesting as well as what products or corals I wanted to follow up on, i.e, buy, and the people I talked with. Probably a sign I am getting older, but I prefer to think I am getting wiser as at shows like Reefapalooza...
  24. Offshore Drilling Rigs and Artificial Reefs

    A new study by researchers at University of California at Santa Barbara discusses the science and practical aspects of turning offshore drilling rigs into permanent artificial reefs. Reef2Reef looks at the issue.
  25. Why a “Poking Stick” is an Essential Piece of the Reefkeeper’s Toolbox.

    Based on the title alone, you are probably thinking to yourself that this article is a piece of satire or a big joke. Well that couldn’t be further from the truth. Although it may seem rather simple and not at all as complex or intricate as other reef keeping equipment, the Poking Stick in itself is worth its weight in gold in my aquarium experience.
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