Attached is an image why nanobubbles act in ways that Boyle's law cannot address... Because the IDEAL GAS LAW doesn't apply as you shrink smaller and smaller... In this case this is why nanobubbles stay suspended in solution longer than regular microbubbles... and why they do not rise to the surface because as the bubble gets smaller and smaller, the buoyancy calculation become negligible.
There are none!any references to papers I can read that show nano bubbles being created by wood airstones and pump impellers
That must be the unmistakable look of Brian's sand bed...no?
Yes... it was a very good picture, by Brian.
It shows aeration of the sand bed very very well, plus the ideal bubble size compared to the sand particles...
Definitely an awesome shot...
I think this next graphic is very powerful, either this little coral was just gathering strength and encrusting the base (as many people observe with little frags), until it could shoot those axials out or..........??
Just want to interject that bubbles in the sand bed is a pretty common thing and may have nothing to do with bubbling:
LoL... no...I am also confused why you keep referring to Boyle's law? I'm not understanding your reasoning. To make it easier please show your work so we can better understand why you chose to explain to us why Boyle's law does not work. If we see the calculations it would be easier to understand.
Boyle's law equation P1V1=P2V2.
Did you use PV=nRT or P=pRT as part of your calculation?
Also what units did you use when you calculated it?
LoL we've been asked that same question before if a low return chamber water level is the same...Lol my leaky pump on thenprotien skimmer isndoing it for me. Does this count?
My sand bed does not show this interesting phenomenon.I'd also like to hear from others on their observation regarding aeration of sandbed as well.
People kept referring that bubbles expand as it rises in the water column.
As the nanobubble is extremely small, it doesn't apply directly.
They tend to stay suspended in the water column regardless of depth. And do not rise like the bubbles we are used to seeing in the hobby.
So in this case, nanobubbles do not adhere to expanding volume as pressure exerted on it decreases... at least what I've read from what the scientists that are studying it are saying.