Fish Disease and Treatment

Jay Hemdal
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Using “Artificial Intelligence” resources to treat fish diseases With the development and release of ChatGPT in 2022, “AI” as an informational resource is becoming more commonplace. This term is in quotes because the current methods are not true Artificial Intelligence. Instead, what the...
Jay Hemdal
5 min read
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Routine analysis of aquarium water for total bacteria in smaller public and private aquariums is rarely performed. However, many large aquariums monitor their fish and invertebrate water systems for this parameter, especially if they already have the required techniques in place due to...
Jay Hemdal
4 min read
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Our aquarium animals are wholly dependent on the care we give them for their continued good health. Proper environmental care is of course paramount; good water quality, excellent diet, proper aquarium size, compatible inhabitants, etc. Obviously, controlling disease is also a major factor...
Jay Hemdal
10 min read
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Tube Feeding Techniques for Fish Jay Hemdal c. 2021 Syringe with catheter attached. Here is an all too familiar scenario: an aquarist faced with trying to care for a new, expensive fish that tragically refuses to accept any food. Common sense dictates that fish need food in order to...
Jay Hemdal
7 min read
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Mucus: The Slime that Binds Jay Hemdal C. 2020 This article examines the various causes of excess mucus coatings on fish, as well as fecal mucus issues. ------------------- The mucus produced by the fish’s epidermal cells gives them their characteristic slimy feel. Mucus is produced by three...
Jay Hemdal
6 min read
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Parasitic Crustaceans (Copepods, Isopods, and Sea Lice) Jay Hemdal c.2020 This is an excerpt from my upcoming fish disease book - a section on arthropod parasites of fish; isopods and copepods. ------------------ Cause This disease problem is caused by a variety of very small crustaceans that...
Jay Hemdal
9 min read
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Red Band Syndrome in Marine Fishes: Caused by the Protozoan; Uronema sp. Jay Hemdal Introduction: This moderately common disease of certain species of marine fish is so often misdiagnosed that most aquarists apply incorrect treatment methods when attempting a cure. Symptoms include the...
Jay Hemdal
11 min read
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Activated Carbon as a Cause of Head and Lateral Line Erosion (HLLE) in Marine Aquarium fish Jay Hemdal c. 2020 Background: Head and Lateral Line Erosion (HLLE) is the name for a type of skin erosion that affects some species of marine fishes in captivity. It is occasionally referred to as...
Jay Hemdal
10 min read
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Proper Dosing of Medicated Foods Jay Hemdal c. 2020 Oral medications are an excellent way to target internal diseases of fishes. Marine fish absorb aquarium water, so in certain cases, they “drink” enough medication from the water to effect a cure. However, freshwater fish actively export...
OrionN
2 min read
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Parasitic snails in the family Pyramidellidae, commonly known by reefers as Pyram snails, is one of the major reasons why new clam keepers who do not know about these parasites cannot keep Giant clams for any length of time. Infestation of these tiny snails in our aquarium will wipe out the...
LAReefer4Life
7 min read
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Introduction: This article covers the equipment that I utilize in my current quarantine tank. I address commonly asked questions for newly cycled and existing QT setups. In addition, I touch upon the trusted medications that I keep on hand, helpful links, and trusted vendors for pre-quarantined...
Brew12
8 min read
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As responsible hobbyists we should all want to purchase and keep healthy fish and yet fish health can be a very contentious topic. If we all want the same thing, why do we argue about this topic so much? I feel it is because there is no easy answer to the question of when to consider a fish...
OrionN
9 min read
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It was almost 20 years ago I first introduced the Fresh Water Dipped (FWD) protocol for treatment of Pinched Mantle Disease (PMD). Over the years, many reefers altered the protocol somewhat but, on the whole, it still is the only tried and true way to treat PMD, a universally fatal disease if...
Dr. Reef
6 min read
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We have come a long ways in the science of medicine but we have yet to find a cure for viruses in ornamental fish. Most common but not deadly by itself Lymphocystis or Lympho in short. I will talk about Lympho in this article mostly but i am confident that these findings will probably work for...
LAReefer4Life
5 min read
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Introduction This article highlights on a 4-step streamlined process that in my experience has proven to be beneficial in preventing fish disease outbreaks. Sourcing healthy livestock is always the first acceptable approach in finding long term success in this hobby. However, these days even...
Brew12
8 min read
4.71 star(s) 14 ratings
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2,760
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Little in this hobby stirs up as much emotional debate as discussions on quarantining fish. Threads on prophylactic treatment, ich management, and immunity are regularly hashed out until people are burned out. Passions run high, and for good reason. Both sides of the debate feel their practices...
Dr. Reef
Updated
4 min read
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Fellow Reefers. Now I have already written a guide on cupramine and how to use it to rid ich and for a lot of reasons if someone does not want to try copper then Hypo is another solution or Tank Transfer. These 3 methods are proven over time. A new study/method is being practiced with success...
Humblefish
3 min read
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We've all seen claims of ich, velvet, etc. returning after a 76 day fallow period. (For anyone wondering what a fallow period means click here: https://www.reef2reef.com/threads/fallow-periods-going-fishless.190324/) Oftentimes, a fallow period failure is due to human error: The sick fish...
R2R Articles
Updated
10 min read
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A sick Yellow Tang. Photo from the Reef2Reef archives. As I mentioned in Part 1 and Part 2, we have in our forum, an excellent area for the discussion of fish disease, treatment, and diagnosis. Our venerable Humblefish even created a “sticky” thread (one that stays permanently on top) called...
Seawitch
Updated
8 min read
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A gorgeous 250G tank Photo is from the Reef2Reef archives As I mentioned in Part 1, we have in our forum an excellent area for the discussion of fish disease, treatment, and diagnosis. Our venerable Humblefish even created a “sticky” thread (one that stays permanently on top) called...
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