Fish Disease Index - Pictorial Guide

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scott4077

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my sailfin has had small white spots on him for a few weeks, happy and active eats like crazy still, all the other fish are spot free so i have just left it alone and increased my feeding to keep them all strong incase it is something that is wrong with them. doesnt really look like any of these he just looks kinda in between these.
 

Maritimer

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A well-focused photo - if he'll sit still long enough for you to get one - can help a _lot_ in diagnosing diseases.

~Bruce
 

pshootr

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You're very lucky to have a fish that can cope with this. Unfortunately your tank is still infected. And your fish will eventually be sacrificed.
 

Maritimer

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Looks like you may have some ich going on ... with a possibility of velvet, as well. Both can be treated with copper or Chloroquine Phosphate, but both should be treated outside your display tank. Your display should remain fishless ("fallow") for 76 days, in order to ensure that any ich theronts which hatch out are starved out.

There's a more in-depth article on dealing with ich here: https://www.reef2reef.com/threads/ich-cryptocaryon-irritans.191226/#post-2192627

And one on velvet here: https://www.reef2reef.com/threads/velvet-amyloodinium-ocellatum.217570/#post-2499399

There are reefers who maintain "ich management" tanks - many of them using oxydators, ozone, diatom filters, and/or UV sterilization to assist.

Some considerations when choosing between "eradication" of parasitic diseases, and "management" of the same: https://www.reef2reef.com/threads/ich-eradication-vs-ich-management.188775/#post-2171424

It should be noted that velvet is much less amenable to management, and once it gets going, can wipe out a tank in a matter of days.

~Bruce
 

drawman

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Looks like you may have some ich going on ... with a possibility of velvet, as well. Both can be treated with copper or Chloroquine Phosphate, but both should be treated outside your display tank. Your display should remain fishless ("fallow") for 76 days, in order to ensure that any ich theronts which hatch out are starved out.

There's a more in-depth article on dealing with ich here: https://www.reef2reef.com/threads/ich-cryptocaryon-irritans.191226/#post-2192627

And one on velvet here: https://www.reef2reef.com/threads/velvet-amyloodinium-ocellatum.217570/#post-2499399

There are reefers who maintain "ich management" tanks - many of them using oxydators, ozone, diatom filters, and/or UV sterilization to assist.

Some considerations when choosing between "eradication" of parasitic diseases, and "management" of the same: https://www.reef2reef.com/threads/ich-eradication-vs-ich-management.188775/#post-2171424

It should be noted that velvet is much less amenable to management, and once it gets going, can wipe out a tank in a matter of days.

~Bruce
+1. In the case of velvet act quickly as it kills fast.
 

Kryssie

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This post is very helpful especially the photos. I was wondering if you could help me diagnose a lesion.

My wife’s Pink Spotted Watchman Goby has a large fluid filled blister-like lesion near his tail.

She has had him for a year and a half. He just moved into her new 75g tank from quarantine a month ago. He has been eating and swimming normally with no signs of disease or parasites. Current tank inhabitants are Watchman Goby, Mandarin Goby, and clean up crew.

Water parameters:
Temp 77.8
Sg 1.025
Ph 8.04
Phos 0
Nitrate 0
Alk 8.0
Cal 420
Amm. 0

Thank you.

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Cultivated Reef

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Based on the pinkish mass that seems to be swelling within the fluid-filled blister, I'm suspecting a bacterial infection here. You've a few options in antibiotics, all of which should happen in a quarantine tank.

The combination of Furan-2, Kanaplex and Metroplex is generally fairly available and has saved many a fish.

Nitrofuracin Green (NFG) has become the go-to antibiotic for many here - and is available on Ebay - be aware that it contains Methylene Blue, as well as antibiotic.

Spectrogram also rates high reviews - though I've not used it myself. ... Yet.

~Bruce
 

4FordFamily

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Based on the pinkish mass that seems to be swelling within the fluid-filled blister, I'm suspecting a bacterial infection here. You've a few options in antibiotics, all of which should happen in a quarantine tank.

The combination of Furan-2, Kanaplex and Metroplex is generally fairly available and has saved many a fish.

Nitrofuracin Green (NFG) has become the go-to antibiotic for many here - and is available on Ebay - be aware that it contains Methylene Blue, as well as antibiotic.

Spectrogram also rates high reviews - though I've not used it myself. ... Yet.

~Bruce
I agree with this. Spectrogram is basically kanaplex and furan 2 mixed :)
 

Soops746

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What kind of disease is it. I just finished cycling the tank and this is only survivor of the pair I bought last Sunday.
 
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4FordFamily

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Larry Linne

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@4FordFamily I am having some trouble with my 2 year old Yellow Tang. I got her when she was a baby. The fish looks great. No spots, good weight. She started breathing rapidly and quit eating about 5 days ago. I fixed up a 20 gal hospital tank last night with CP and put her in this morning after a 4.5 minute fresh water bath.
Still breathing very fast tonight. I know you've had a lot of tangs so thought you may know what this is.
Thanks,
Larry
 

4FordFamily

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@4FordFamily I am having some trouble with my 2 year old Yellow Tang. I got her when she was a baby. The fish looks great. No spots, good weight. She started breathing rapidly and quit eating about 5 days ago. I fixed up a 20 gal hospital tank last night with CP and put her in this morning after a 4.5 minute fresh water bath.
Still breathing very fast tonight. I know you've had a lot of tangs so thought you may know what this is.
Thanks,
Larry
It’s so hard to tell, breathing heavy is generally ammonia or parasites in the gills — often velvet or flukes.
 

Larry Linne

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It’s so hard to tell, breathing heavy is generally ammonia or parasites in the gills — often velvet or flukes.
Definitely no ammonia. Is there something else I can use to treat for parasites or will the CP work on them? I would think the fresh water dip would have taken care of the flukes?
 

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